Cannabis Cultivation Laws: State-by-State Marijuana Growing Guide

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H
ome

cannabis
cultivation

is
a
hot
topic
across
the
country.
As
legal
access
to
medical
and
recreational
marijuana
slowly
spreads,
citizens
find
themselves
with
more
of
an
opportunity
to
grow
their
own
pot. It
can
be
tough
to
find
all
the
state
cannabis
cultivation
laws
though,
so
we
made
this
helpful
guide
for
interested
growers
to
quickly
and
easily
reference
the
legal
framework
and
regulations
in
their
state.

Browse
below
to
view
the
legal
status
of
home
growing
cannabis
in
all
50
American
states
and
the
District
of
Columbia.

Alabama

Alabama
state
law

prohibits
cannabis

in
the
Yellowhammer
State.
As
such,
marijuana
cultivation
is
illegal.

Adults
aged
21
and
older
can
grow
up
to

six
marijuana
plants

in
Alaska.
Used
for
either
adult
use
or
medical
purposes,
growers
must
keep
in
mind
that
only
three
mature
and
flowering
plants
are
permitted
at
any
given
time.

Additionally,
all
plants
must
be
grown
out
of
public
view
and
properly
secured
from
unauthorized
access.

Arizona’s

HB
2537

allows
home
cultivation
for
medical
purposes
if
a
registered
patient
lives
more
than
25
miles
from
their
closest
dispensary.
State-approved
patients
can
grow
up
to
12
plants,
doing
so
in
a
protected,
surrounded
area.

Arkansas


State
law

prohibits
home
grows
of
any
kind.
Instead,
patients
are
urged
only
to
buy
their
products
from
state-approved
dispensaries. 

Adults
21
and
over
can
grow
their
own
cannabis
in
California.

State
law

stipulates
that
each
person
can
grow
up
to
six
plants
for
personal
use,
with
only
6
plants
are
allowed
per
residence
at
a
given
time.

There
are
no
growing
caps
for
medical
patients

registered
patients
are
permitted
to
grow
the
amount
of
cannabis
required
for
their
medical
treatment.
However,
individual
counties
are
able
to
set
further
home
cultivation
restrictions.
It
is
best
to
check
with
your
local
jurisdiction
before
starting
a
home
grow.

Colorado
citizens
can
grow

up
to
six
plants
,
with
three
allowed
to
mature
and
flower
at
any
time.
Caregivers
can
grow
additional
plants,
as
they
can
be
assigned
to
up
to
five
patients.
They
are
permitted
to
cultivate
up
to
36
plants. Medical
patients
in
Colorado
are
allowed
to
cultivate
six
plants
as
well,
though
they
are
also
allowed
to
petition
for,
“greater
amounts
[when] medically
necessary
to
address
the
patient’s
debilitating
medical
condition.”

Connecticut

Despite
the

somewhat
decriminalized
status

of
cannabis
in
Connecticut,
cultivation
remains
prohibited.
Those
caught
can
face
fines
for
having
less
than
half
an
ounce,
and
upwards
of
a
year
in
jail
and
a
$2,000
penalty
for
possessing
more. 

Delaware

Although
the
First
State
does

allow
medical
cannabis

use
for
approved
patients
it
does
not
allow
patients
to
grow
their
own
marijuana.

After
much
legal
battling,
Florida
recently
won
the
right
to
offer
dry
flower
to
its
approved
medical

Patients.
While
progress
was
made
on
that
front,
home
cultivation
is
another
story,
where
it

remains
prohibited

in
all
forms.

Georgia

Like
its
neighbor
to
the
south,
Georgia
does
not
allow
home
cultivation
of
any
kind. 

The
Aloha
State
became
the
most
recent
to
approve
medical
reciprocity,
where
out
of
state
medical
cardholders
can
obtain
medicine
while
in
Hawaii.

The
state
also
allows
patients
and
certified
caregivers
to

cultivate
cannabis
for
their
own
use
.
Before
growing,
a
person
must
register
as
a
cultivator
with
the
state.
Once
approved,
they
can
produce
up
to
10
plants
at
a
time.

Idaho

Idaho
does
not
permit
any
forms
of
home
cannabis
cultivation. 

Illinois
began
adult-use
cannabis
sales
on
New
Year’s
Day
2020.
The
issue
of
home
growing
played
a
central
part
in
discussions.
Ultimately,
lawmakers
agreed
to

allow
medical
patients
to
grow
their
own
,
with
up
to
five
plants
per
household
regardless
of
the
number
of
patients
living
there. 

Indiana

Home
cannabis
cultivation
of
any
kind
is
prohibited
under
Indiana
state
law. 

Iowa

The
Hawkeye
state
prohibits
cultivating
cannabis
at
home,
even
for
registered
medical
marijuana
patients.

Kansas

Kansas,
too,
bans
all
forms
of
home
growing
in
the
state.

Kentucky

The
Bluegrass
State
is
no
fan
of
homemade
green
grass.
State
law
does
not
allow
for
any
home
production
of
cannabis.

Louisiana

Medical
marijuana
came
to
Louisiana
in
August
2019.
However,
all
its
weed
comes
from
two
sources:
Louisiana
State
University
and
Southern
University.
All
other
growers,
home
or
otherwise,

are
prohibited
.

Adults
aged
21
and
over

can
grow
their
own
marijuana
.
Each
home
can
contain
up
to
six
mature
and
12
immature
plants. The
state
differentiates
between
medical
and
adult-use
home
grows,
but
the
limits
for
cultivation
are
the
same.

The
state
allows
approved
medical
patients
to
buy
cannabis
from
state-authorized
vendors.
However,

home
cultivation
is
not
permitted
.

As
a
legal
adult-use
state,
Massachusetts
allows
all
adults
21
and
over
to

grow
up
to
six
plants
.
If
two
adults
live
in
one
home,
they
can
collectively
produce
12
plants. 

Another
state
that
has
legalized
adult
use
of
cannabis,
the
Great
Lakes
State

will
enable
adults
to
grow

up
to
12
plants
at
home.
Caregivers
can
provide
support
for
up
to
five
patients.
They
can
grow
for
their
patients
once
the
caregiver
registers
with
the
state.
Once
approved,
they
can
grow
up
to
60
plants
if
taking
care
of
five
patients.

Medical
patients
can
be
permitted
to
cultivate
if
they
are
unable
to
access
a
medical
dispensary
due
to
financial
hardship,
physical
incapability,
or
lives
too
far
to
access
a
dispensary
reasonably.
There
is
no
set
number
of
plants
a
medical
patient
can
cultivate,
but
the
grow
is
limited
to
“an
amount
needed
to
harvest
a
60-day
supply,”
totaling
10
ounces.

Minnesota

Citizens
in
Minnesota

cannot
grow

their
own
cannabis.
They
can
legally
obtain
theirs
through
the
medical
marketplace
once
approved
by
the
state,
however.

Mississippi

Home
cultivation
is
banned
in
all
its
forms
in
Mississippi. 

Missouri

Medical
cannabis
patients

can
grow
up
to
six
plants

in
an
enclosed
and
secured
space
at
their
home.
Home
cultivators
must
pay
an
additional
licensing
fee
to
be
approved. 

Home
growing
is
permitted
to
medical
patients,
who
can
grow
up
to

four
mature
plants

or
12
seedlings
at
any
time.
Two
adults
living
together
can
grow
up
to
eight
mature
plants
and
eight
seedlings.
All
grow
efforts
must
be
reported
to
the
state
Department
of
Public
Health.

Nebraska

Cultivation
is
illegal
in
Nebraska,
as
the
state
lacks
both
recreational
and
adult-use
cannabis
laws.
Establishment
of
a
medical
cannabis
system
has
been
proposed
under

LB110
,
though
the
measure
does
not
allow
for
home
grows.

Adult-use
growing
is
allowed
if
a
person
lives

25
miles
or
more

away
from
the
closest
dispensary.
If
so,
an
adult
can
grow
up
to
six
plants
per
person
or
12
in
one
household.
A
property
owner
or
landlord
can
prohibit
growing
on
their
site,
while
the
state
requires
all
activities
occur
in
an
enclosed,
secure
space.

Residents
holding
a
medical
cannabis
card
are
prohibited
from
home
cultivation
if
a
dispensary
opens
in
their
county
of
residence.
They
are
expected
from
this
rule
and
can
cultivate
at
home
only
if:

Home
Cultivation
Exceptions:

  • A
    dispensary
    is
    more
    than
    25
    miles
    from
    their
    residence
  • The
    cardholder
    is
    unable
    reasonably
    to
    travel
    to
    a
    medical
    marijuana
    dispensary
  • A
    strain
    or
    amount
    needed
    is
    not
    provided
    by
    a
    dispensary
    in
    their
    county
  • Or
    was
    already
    cultivating
    at
    home
    before
    July
    1,
    2013.

New
Hampshire


HB
364

allows
New
Hampshire’s
patients
and
caregivers
to
grow
up
to
three
mature
plants
as
well
as
three
immature
plants
at
any
time.
They
are
also
permitted
12
seedlings
as
well.
All
of
which
must
be
stored
in
a
secure
location
undetectable
from
the
street
or
public
view. 

The
Garden
State
does
not
allow
residents
any
type
of
cannabis
gardening.
As
the
state
eyes
legalizing
adult-use,
many
medical
patients
are
advocating
for
the
right
to
grow
their
own
medicine.

Since
April
2007,
medical
patients
and
their
caregivers
have
been
allowed
to
cultivate

up
to
16
plants
,
with
four
allowed
to
be
mature. 

Like
its
neighbor,
New
York
does
not
allow
its
citizens
to
grow
cannabis
for
any
purpose.

North
Carolina

Cultivation
of
any
amount
of
cannabis
is
a
felony
offense
in
North
Carolina

North
Dakota

While
it
allows
citizens
to
consume
medical
cannabis,
North
Dakota
does
not
permit
home
growing
of
any
kind.

Although
the
state
does
have
a
medical
cannabis
system,
it
remains
illegal
to
grow
in
the
state.

Approved
medical
patients
can
grow
up
to

six
mature
plants

and
six
seedlings. 

Since
2015,
adults
21
and
over
have
been

allowed
to
grow

up
to
four
plants
at
home
for
their
own
personal
use.

Medical
caregivers
can
grow
up
to
eight
plants
but
are
capped
at
six
adult
plants
at
any
time. 

Home
growing
of
all
forms
is
prohibited
in
the
state. 

Qualified
medical
patients
or
caregivers
are
permitted
to

grow
up
to
12
plants
and
12
seedlings

on
their
property
in
an
indoor
setting. 

South
Carolina

The
state
bans
home
growing
in
all
its
forms.

South
Dakota

Like
North
Dakota,
home
cultivation
is
banned
under
current
laws.

Tennessee

The
Volunteer
State
is
no
fan
of
home
growing.
It
remains
prohibited
under
current
laws. 

The
same
can
be
said
for
Texas,
where
all
types
of
home
grows
are
restricted. 

Utah

Add
Utah
to
the
list
of
states
that
ban
home
growing
for
medical
and
adult
use
purposes. 

Breaking
the
string
of
prohibitions,
Vermont
residents
are

allowed
to
grow

up
to
two
mature
plants
at
a
time,
with
a
max
total
of
nine
at
any
one
time. 

Virginia

And
back
to
bans.
Home
growing
of
any
kind
is
prohibited
in
the
state. 

Medical
patients
are
allowed
to
grow
up
to
six
plants
at
home.
This
figure
can
be
enhanced
if
a
medical
practitioner
believes
the
patient
necessitates
it.
In
this
case,
a
person
can
grow

up
to
15
plants
at
a
time
.
Adult-use
cultivation
is
still
illegal.

Adults
21
years
or
older
are
allowed
to
cultivate
and
possess
up
to
six
plants
at
a
time,
with
3
being
mature
and
3
being
seedlings.
Home
cultivation
for
medical
purposes
is
not
allowed
in
the
nation’s
capital.

West
Virginia

The
state
does
not
allow
home
cultivation
at
this
time. 

Wisconsin

Home
growing
of
any
kind
is
strictly
illegal
and
not
allowed.

Wyoming

The
state
does
not
allow
citizens
to
grow
cannabis
at
home
for
any
purpose.


Be
sure
to
stay
up
to
date
on
the
latest
federal
and
state
law
changes
to
see
if
home
growing
laws
change
in
your
state.

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